How is mercury cycling changing on the global, regional and local scales in response to perturbations caused by major anthropogenic drivers of the environmental change.
1.1. Atmospheric mercury cycling and transformations: Insights from measurements and models
1.2. Biogeochemical cycling of mercury in the aquatic ecosystems
1.3. Regional and local scale stable isotope studies in mercury biogeochemical cycling and bioaccumulation
1.4. Mercury cycling and bioaccumulation in polar regions
1.5. Mercury cycling and bioaccumulation in the tropics
1.6. Advances in analytical methods for environmental speciation determination
1.7. Sources and cycling of mercury in freshwater ecosystems and oceans
1.8. Mercury methylation: contrasting microbial and geochemical constraints
1.9. Mercury cycling in terrestrial ecosystems
1.10. Impacts of climate change on mercury emission, fate and environmental effects
What is the relative risk of mercury exposure to human health and wildlife in the context of human welfare?
2.1. Bioaccumulation and biomagnification in food as a source of mercury exposure. Climate change, land-use change and hydrologic alterations.
2.2. Mercury exposure and socioeconomic drivers: fish consumption, rice and other food consumption, subsistence fishing, high-end fish consumption; ASGM and mercury mining; Medical, personal care, and cultural use
2.3. Human biomonitoring; National, regional, global HBMs
2.4. Birth cohort studies and other long-term epidemiological studies
2.5. Health effects on neurodevelopment, immune and cardiovascular systems advserse outcome pathways (AOPs)
2.6. Genetics and gastointestinal factors in mercury exposure
2.7. Microbiological factors affecting mercury uptake and effects: The microbiome and antibiotic resistance; Immunotoxic effects of mercury and interactions with pathogens
2.8. The role of nutrients and co-contaminants in mercury uptake and effects
2.9. Engagement of communities impacted adversely by environmental mercury pollution
2.10. Monetary valuation of environmental benefits from mercury exposure reduction on global scale
2.11. Methylation and demethylation of mercury – session to honor work of the late Dr. Mark Hines (organized by Dr. Tamar Barkay and Dr. Jadran Faganeli)
2.12. Evaluating human exposure and health effects of methylmercury (Session Coordinator: Leonid Kopylev)
How can technological development contribute to the reduction of mercury exposure and improvement of environmental responsibility? How will industry achieve more control of Hg emissions, handle waste products, and clean up contaminated site?
3.1. Legacy mercury contamination: solutions for clean-up
3.2. Mercury regulatory issues related to legacy mercury and current mercury sources
3.3. Development and implementation of novel remediation and control technology on a local and/or regional scale
3.4. ASGM: Current and historical emissions, current practices and future projections
3.5. What emission controls/ measures for mercury are already in place in various sectors of industry?
3.6. Effectiveness of various mercury emission control measures on the reduction of mercury exposure
3.7. Methods for treatment of Hg containing wastes
3.8. Coordination of Hg emission reduction with control of greenhouse gases and other pollutants and the move towards greener and more renewable energy
3.9. Soft technology tools result in greater success either alone or in concert with hard technological solutions
3.10. Traceability of mercury measurements (organized by Karl Wilber)
3.11. Mercury emission reduction: a challenge to industry (organized by Jozef Pacyna)
How can scientific knowledge contribute to the implementation and effectiveness evaluation of the Minamata Conventions and other regulatory agreements? Importance of integration and implementation of emerging and future mercury research into the policy making.
4.1. Informing the implementation of the Minamata Convention and other conventions: the role of scientific assessments
4.2. Risk and remediation of contaminated sites: Lessons for technical assistance under the Minamata Convention
4.3. Global Science for Global Policy: Lessons from international, national and local programs
4.4. The socioeconomic impacts of Hg pollution locally and globally
4.5. Global regulatory issues and policy implementation
4.6. Multidisciplinary knowledge exchanges to inform decision-making with respect to international policy and regulation
4.7. Global and local policies and regulations for reducing human exposure to mercury
4.8. Communication of multidisciplinary knowledge to inform decision-making with respect to local and regional policy and regulations
4.9. Minamata Initial Assessments, how existing emissions and releases information assisted the ratification process and what are the plans to fill the gaps in the future